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Disability Discrimination Act 2005 - DDA

The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) defines disability in this way:
A person has a disability if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
The definition given by the Act is not prescriptive, but defines how a court will go about deciding whether or not an individual is covered by the Act. Individuals who are likely covered, though, will include:

  • Blind or visually impaired individuals (though where glasses are worn it is the effect whilst they are worn that is taken into account)
  • Deaf or hearing impaired individuals
  • Individuals who use wheelchairs
  • Individuals with mobility difficulties
  • Individuals with mental health problems (with some exceptions, such as addiction to alcohol or non-prescribed
  • Individuals with dyslexia (in some cases, opinion is divided in this area)
  • Individuals with unseen disabilities, such as: heart conditions, asthma, AIDS, cancer and diabetes.